Body mass index (BMI) is a numerical value of your weight in relation to your height. It is used to determine if your weight is healthy or unhealthy. BMI is a quick, inexpensive and easy-to-perform method to check if a person is underweight, of normal weight, or overweight or obese. BMI is a good indicator of body fat but does not measure muscle mass; hence, it is not an accurate indicator for those who have a lot of muscle bulk, like body builders.
The scale is an initial indicator to help determine potential health problems if the person is of unhealthy weight. However, your doctor may perform further assessments such as evaluation of diet, measurement of skinfold thickness, physical activity, family history and other health screenings to determine associated health risks.
If you want to compare your weight status to others, BMI is a great method of analysis.
Obesity Risk Factors
Health Risks of Obesity
Obesity is associated with major health risks such as:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Arthritis and other joint problems
- High blood pressure
- Gallbladder disorders
- Cancers such as breast, uterine and colon cancers
- Digestive disorders
- Asthma and other breathing disorders
- Fertility and pregnancy problems
- Urinary incontinence
- Shorter life expectancy compared to people of normal weight
Obesity influences your psychological and social well-being
- Negative self-image
- Social isolation and discrimination
Obesity affects your overall quality of life
- Difficulty moving quickly affecting your normal day-to-day tasks
- Experience breathlessness and tiredness more quickly
- Difficulty in maintaining personal hygiene